SIP vs RD: Which is Better?

In order to generate long-term wealth, investors can choose to invest in two broad asset classes – equities and debt instruments. Investing in equities provides investors with a stake in a company, while debt investments involve lending money to a company or bank, who then owes the investor money.

For those who prefer the stability of debt investments, recurring deposits (RD) are term investment products that offer principal plus interest upon maturity. On the other hand, systematic investment plans (SIP) involve investing in mutual funds that can be equity, debt, or a combination of both.

Each investment option caters to a different kind of investor, and understanding how each instrument works is crucial in determining which one is suitable for you.

What is SIP?

A Systematic Investment Plan (SIP) is a convenient investment strategy that allows investors to regularly invest a fixed amount of money in a mutual fund scheme of their choice. SIPs can be initiated by filling out an application form and providing an Electronic Clearing Service (ECS) mandate to the financial institute, which authorizes them to automatically debit the investment amount from the investor’s bank account on a specific date or at a frequency chosen by the investor.

One of the significant advantages of SIPs is that they provide investors with a disciplined approach to investing, which can help them achieve their long-term investment goals. SIPs are also relatively accessible, with a low minimum investment amount, typically ranging from Rs. 500 to Rs. 1,000, making them an ideal investment option for all types of investors.

Investors can benefit from the power of compounding by investing a fixed amount of money at regular intervals, which can result in higher returns over the long term. Additionally, the automatic investment feature of SIPs makes them a hassle-free investment option for investors, since they don’t have to worry about manually investing in the mutual fund scheme each time.

SIPs are becoming increasingly popular among investors, as they provide a simple and convenient way to invest in mutual funds. Whether you are an experienced investor or just starting out, SIPs are an excellent investment option that can help you achieve your long-term financial goals. So, if you’re looking for an effortless and disciplined way to invest in mutual funds, consider starting a SIP today.

What is RD?

Recurring Deposits (RDs) are a popular investment option for people who want to earn a fixed rate of return on their savings. RDs are term deposit schemes offered by banks, where you can make regular deposits and earn interest on them. The tenure of an RD can range from six months to ten years, depending on your preference.

Opening an RD account is a straightforward process. You need to give standing instructions to your bank to transfer fixed amounts from your savings account to your RD account. This ensures that you make regular deposits and earn interest on them. The interest rates of RDs and fixed deposits (FDs) are usually the same if the tenure is the same.

One of the advantages of investing in an RD is that the interest earned on your deposits is accumulated and paid in a lump sum along with the principal amount upon maturity. This means that you can earn a fixed rate of return on your investment and watch your money grow over time. However, it is important to note that the bank may deduct TDS on the interest earned from your RD account.

The interest earned on an RD is taxed as per the income tax rate of the investor. Therefore, it is important to factor in the tax implications of investing in an RD before making a decision.



Recurring Deposit (RD)

Systematic Investment Plan (SIP)

Interest Rates

Varies from 7% to 8%; higher rates for seniors

Returns generated have been 12% to 22% in 5-10 years

Investment scheme

Fixed returns, flexible options available

Choose between equity and debt funds


Fixed and known beforehand

Depends on markets and fund scheme chosen


6 months to 10 years

No fixed tenure, minimum period is 6 months

Risk factor

Safe, not prone to risks

Variable returns, risk of capital


Liquid, but premature withdrawal attracts fines

No penalty charges for closing SIP anytime


Not exempted from tax

Exempted from tax only if invested in ELSS funds

Instalment frequency

Monthly instalments

Flexible options of daily, weekly, monthly, and quarterly

Investment Goal

Short-term savings, not great for long-term wealth creation

Ideal for short, mid, and long-term investment goals


Similarities between Recurring Deposits and SIP

In terms of similarities, there are several commonalities between Recurring Deposits (RD) and Systematic Investment Plans (SIP). To begin with, both investment options do not require a large sum of money to start investing. Investors can use their regular savings to make small investments. Additionally, both SIP and RD are long-term investments that require investors to commit their funds for a fixed period.

Moreover, SIP and RD are ideal for individuals who are new to investing and have limited funds to invest. Both options encourage a savings habit and help investors build their investment portfolio gradually. Both offer a high degree of flexibility, allowing investors to stop their investments at any time and withdraw their money. However, it is essential to note that some banks may charge penalties for premature withdrawals from an RD account.

Finally, both SIP and RD offer a high level of convenience. With a standing instruction, investors can make regular payments towards their SIP or RD, which is debited from their savings account. This makes it easy for investors to maintain their investments without any hassle.

SIP vs RD – Which one is better?

As an investor, you may wonder which investment option is better: A recurring Deposit (RD) or Systematic Investment Plan (SIP). The answer depends on your individual needs and financial goals.

If you are a risk-averse investor looking to invest money every month, an RD may be the right choice for you. RDs offer returns that are assured, making it easy to plan for both short-term and long-term financial goals. They are also an excellent instrument for building an emergency fund as you can set aside a regular sum and earn interest. However, the returns on RDs are taxable, making them more suitable for individuals in lower tax brackets. This investment option is also ideal for senior citizens due to its safety and beneficial return factor.

Alternatively, if you are willing to take on higher risk for potentially greater returns, a SIP may be more suitable for you. SIPs are ideal for long-term goals and investment horizons. They can also be an excellent product for investors looking for tax breaks, especially with Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS) SIPs.

To determine which investment option is better, you need to come up with your investor profile, which should align with your individual goals and investment horizons. Once you know your profile, you can choose between an RD and SIP for your periodic investments.

Final Thoughts

It’s important to consider both SIP and RD before choosing the best investment option for you. Both plans offer unique advantages that can help you reach your financial goals, but depending on your individual needs, one may be more suitable than the other. Researching both options and understanding the details of each will ensure you make an informed decision. If you’re still unsure which is right for you, consider consulting with a financial advisor who can provide tailored advice for your situation.

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